Tubal ligation is a process conducted to a woman to permanently prevent pregnancy by surgically cutting or blocking the fallopian tubes. This process is a voluntary request to a licensed OB- Gynecologist that is normally requested by a woman if she does not want to have another child anymore.
This process is usually suggested to couples who want to have a secured family growth control method. There are women who chose this process because they are still sexually active and always fertile that is why they want to have no limitations in terms of pregnancy. In this way, they do not have to rely to other birth control methods. Also, this is recommended to those women who are suffering from a condition that forbids them to have a pregnancy.
This process was chosen by a significant number in the population, amounting to 10 million women across the country, making it one of the leading methods to prevent pregnancy. Almost 15% of those who chose this method were still in their reproductive age. Also, according to the study, most of the patients who chose this method are those women who are already on their 30’s and have two to three children.
When you say tubal ligation, it means tying your fallopian tubes as a mean of female sterilization. This process aims to prevent birth conception. The operation deals with the process of blocking or cutting the patient’s fallopian tubes. These tubes are found near the outer sides of the patient’s uterus. They are about 10 cm long and half a centimetre in diameter. Fallopian tubes are the place where fertilization occurs because this is the place where the egg and sperm meets. Because of the tubal ligation, the tubes will be cut or blocked therefore, sperm will never reach the egg.
The normal procedure of tubal ligation happens in about 20-30 minutes. The patient will be sedated with anesthesia and within the same day, the patient can go home already. But, it must be taken into consideration the willingness of the patient. This surgery should not be conducted if the patient is still not sure if she will pursue it or not. Most of the cases of tubal ligation are not reversible. According to the studies, there are about 10% of those who undergone this process who regret their decision while another per cent try to seek treatments in order to restore fertility.
Before the surgery, the patient should be given sufficient information and counselling. The patient should understand the consequences and the benefits of the surgery. In this way, she can decide intelligently. Also, the medical history should be reviewed and a physical examination should be conducted. The patient should not eat or drink anything several hours before the actual procedure.
After the process, the patient will be monitored in order to determine if problems occurred. But, if everything is fine, she will be allowed to go home with prescriptions. Usually, the patient is advised to monitor the effects of the surgery as they might be signs of bigger complications.